Meritocracy and Its Discontents

Meritocracy and Its Discontents Anxiety and the National College Entrance Exam in China

Hardback (15 Apr 2021)

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Synopsis

Meritocracy and Its Discontents investigates the wider social, political, religious, and economic dimensions of the Gaokao, China's national college entrance exam, as well as the complications that arise from its existence. Each year, some nine million high school seniors in China take the Gaokao, which determines college admission and provides a direct but difficult route to an urban lifestyle for China's hundreds of millions of rural residents. But with college graduates struggling to find good jobs, some are questioning the exam's legitimacy-and, by extension, the fairness of Chinese society. Chronicling the experiences of underprivileged youth, Zachary M. Howlett's research illuminates how people remain captivated by the exam because they regard it as fateful-an event both consequential and undetermined. He finds that the exam enables people both to rebel against the social hierarchy and to achieve recognition within it.

In Meritocracy and Its Discontents, Howlett contends that the Gaokao serves as a pivotal rite of passage in which people strive to personify cultural virtues such as diligence, composure, filial devotion, and divine favor.

Book information

ISBN: 9781501754432
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Imprint: Cornell University Press
Pub date:
DEWEY: 378.51
DEWEY edition: 23
Language: English
Number of pages: xiv, 266
Weight: 28g
Height: 229mm
Width: 152mm
Spine width: 19mm