Stephen Crane was a prominent American writer near the turn of the 20th century. Despite only living to be 28, Crane was very prolific and his writing was well respected by other great authors throughout the world. Crane's best known work includes the novels The Red Badge of Courage and Maggie: A Girl of the Streets as well as his short story collections. The Red Badge of Courage, published in 1895, is a war novel that is set during the American Civil War. The action centers around Henry Fleming, a young soldier in the Union Army, who flees from battle. Fleming is overcome with shame and hopes to receive a wound to counter his cowardice.